It’s been two years since the release of my book The Secret Influence of the Moon: Alien Origins and Occult Powers. Although the title evokes thoughts of Selenites dwelling beneath the lunar surface and other imaginative notions, I wrote it as a sincere attempt to highlight and explore some of the Moon’s greatest riddles, without necessarily attempting to explain them, so as to bring about a deeper appreciation of the wonder and mystery that is our closest celestial neighbor.
Chief among the Moon’s many riddles is its origin. It seems that, no matter how much data is collected on the Moon with respect to its geology and other factors, the question of how it came to be remains just as elusive as ever.
According to the leading lunar origin theory, the giant impact hypothesis, the Moon formed as the result of a giant collision, some 4.5 billion years ago, between Earth and a Mars-sized body dubbed Theia (Theia being the mother of the Greek lunar deity Selene). Supposedly, the debris ejected by this fiery explosion, consisting of both Earth material and impactor (Theia) material, formed a ring around Earth before gradually coalescing to become the Moon.
Despite its widespread popularity, the giant impact hypothesis is not without its fair share of contradictory evidence. One such piece of evidence is the discovery that Moon rocks and Earth rocks contain identical oxygen isotope ratios. Each solar system body has its own unique oxygen isotope ratio, or signature, this being an indication of where it originated. Given how unlikely it is that the impactor came from the same place in the solar system as Earth, the Moon ought to possess a very different isotopic signature to that of Earth. So why doesn’t it?
Then there’s the presence of water and other volatiles in lunar samples. Recent evidence indicates that the interior of the Moon is just as wet as the Earth’s upper mantle. This challenges the notion of a hot and fiery birth for the Moon, and, by extension, the giant impact theory, since all volatiles ought to have “boiled away” as a result of the extreme heat involved. To quote Clive R. Neal, a Professor of Earth Sciences at the University of Notre Dame, in an email he sent me in 2011: “If the Moon formed by a giant impact of a Mars-sized planet into Earth, why are volatiles present in the lunar samples? We need to rethink that hypothesis!”
I couldn’t agree more. While writing The Secret Influence of the Moon, I was compelled to explore alternatives to the giant impact hypothesis. I found persuasive evidence that the Moon and Earth share a common ancestry and have existed alongside each other since the very beginning, as per what’s known as the coaccretion theory, such that the Moon is Earth’s twin planet (as opposed to a mere satellite) and that together they form a double planet system.
As well as offering an explanation as to why the Moon and Earth have identical oxygen isotope signatures, the coaccretion theory fits nicely with the discovery of water and other volatiles in lunar samples. What it fails to explain, however, are the following three points: (1) why the Moon and Earth are so dissimilar in terms of density and chemical composition; (2) the high angular momentum of the Earth-Moon system; and (3) the Moon’s orbital inclination.
Leaving these complications aside for the moment, we now come to what is undoubtedly the most radical lunar origin theory of all: the spaceship Moon theory. Conceived in 1970 by two members of the then Soviet Academy of Sciences, Michael Vasin and Alexander Shcherbakov, the theory posits that the Moon is an artificially hollowed-out planetoid from outside the solar system that was brought here long ago and parked in orbit around Earth in the manner of a spaceship.
As ludicrous as the theory sounds, the Moon does feature a number of remarkable geological anomalies that together suggest some form of artificial modification on a very large scale. I discuss these anomalies in my book, yet without jumping to the conclusion that “aliens” were responsible for them or that the Moon is literally a spaceship.
What if, I suggest in The Secret Influence of the Moon, both the coaccretion and the spaceship Moon theories are correct to some extent? What if the Moon, having formed naturally alongside the Earth, was then artificially modified, including its being shifted to its current orbital position? I call this hypothesis the “hybrid double planet theory”—“hybrid” on account of the Moon being part-artificial, part-natural and “double planet” for reasons already explained.