Despite being one of the most studied civilizations in the Western world, ancient Greece is still surrounded by mystery. Much of the recorded knowledge of the ancient Greeks was passed down to future generations, but many of the relics and customs of the Greeks are still shrouded in the fog of history. Archaeologists still regularly have breakthroughs in researching this foundational civilization, such as the discovery of Aristotle’s tomb earlier this year or a recent analysis of the mysterious Antikythera device which found that the contraption is actually an astronomical calendar.
Just this week, our knowledge of ancient Greece was expanded thanks to a team of archaeologists from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden who announced the discovery of a previously unknown ancient Greek city buried under an unassuming hillside.
The ruins of the city were found underneath a hill called Strongilovoúni in the village of Vlochós, located around 315 km (200 miles) north of Athens. Robin Rönnlund, the leader of this excavation, stated in a University of Gothenburg press release that it is still unknown why all knowledge of this metropolis seems to have been forgotten:
What used to be considered remains of some irrelevant settlement on a hill can now be upgraded to remains of a city of higher significance than previously thought [...] The fact that nobody has never explored the hill before is a mystery.
Most of the research has so far been conducted using ground-penetrating radar in order to prevent damaging the mysteries that lie below the ground. While the ancient lost city isn’t easily visible from ground level, aerial views and radar have revealed the ruins of towers, city walls, and gates.
At its height, the city appears to have been over 40 hectares in size and was inhabited as far back as 500 BC. Now that the remains of the city have been found, the team hopes to conduct further research and fill out the gaps in our knowledge about this region of ancient Greece.