It’s intriguing to note that the worlds of anti-gravity and levitation were discussed – and discussed to a significant degree – way back in the 1950s. Yet, there was actually a minimum of talk of an extraterrestrial component by that era’s ufologists being behind the construction and movement of all those massive stones. Rather, most of the talk was of ancient, terrestrial civilizations, long-gone humans, and secret (and lost) technology that had been created by the likes of the mythical Atlanteans. We’ll begin with Morris Jessup, the man who dug deep into the world of anti-gravity and who died in his car – by carbon-monoxide poisoning – in a Florida park in 1959. Jessup was a full-on believer in the UFO phenomenon; he believed the mysterious Levitators were very likely from our world. And not extraterrestrials. On March 27, 1953, Jessup wrote an illuminating letter to his good friend, Joseph Manson Valentine (a man who had a deep interest in Atlantean lore and legend), on the very theme of this book. Valentine was one of the last people to speak with Jessup. In fact, the two chatted the very night before Jessup’s death. In that eye-opening letter, Jessup said to something incredible to his friend.
Valentine was becoming more and more impressed - and swayed, too - by Jessup’s “ancient humans” theory. Also, by Jessup’s words and his theories concerning ancient levitation. The outcome was this: Valentine encouraged Jessup to insert a section on Antigravity, in ancient times, in the book that Jessup was then working on. Jessup did so in the pages of his to-be-published 1955 book, The Case for the UFO. It’s important to note that when we carefully dissect the words of Morris K. Jessup, we find something very intriguing. And somewhat highly surprising, too. Time and time again, Jessup made it very clear in his letters to Valentine (and, later, in his books, The Case for the UFO and The Expanding Case for the UFO) that he, Jessup, felt that Antigravity was the key to the mystery of how, in times long past, it all came to the raising of massive stones. Yet, there’s something that’s almost completely missing in much of Jessup’s views on anti-gravity: aliens, extraterrestrials, and beings from other worlds. In fact, Jessup barely touches on such things.
Jessup said to Valentine: “As one reaches back into ancient history and studies the ruins or traces of ancient structures, one discovers that the workmanship, in stone walls, deteriorated steadily with successive buildings. The ramparts, if such they be, of Sacsahuaman in ancient Peru and other structures, were undertakings comparable to our great dams. Handling those vast blocks of stone, so accurately fitted, demanded vast controlled power. Yet those remains seem to have been the earliest. From that prodigious perfection the construction appears to have degenerated. In the latter efforts smaller and smaller stones were used and workmanship lost its skill. A few buildings were marvelously well-built while later ones were crude. Eventually all the work declined to a low level.” Jessup continued to Valentine: “True, there are some fairly large stones in the structures of downtown Cuzco, such as the Temple of the Sun, but the largest weigh only a ton or two. True, also, there is superb workmanship in the Temple of the Sun and the House of the Virgins, where stones were almost perfectly squared before being worked into walls; but other walls built on the same principles showed progressively poorer skill, the later stones being scarcely more than large pebbles. One wonders how they stand up. Many are built as structures on the older more solid bases. From this it appears that the original massive structures were erected by the earliest colonists in the pre-Inca era.”
Jessup had even more to say to Valentine about the “ancient human” issue, but hardly anything about alien-themed aspects of the puzzle: “They brought with them expert knowledge of stonework and a special power or levitating machinery. At least, this is our postulate. Then they must have lost the source of the power and their descendants used hand labor, which couldn’t manipulate really big stones. The Black Pagoda of India [the Konark Sun Temple, to be correct, which we’ll come to later], believed by some to have been built seven centuries ago is 228 feet high. Its roof, twenty-five feet thick, is a single stone slab weighing 2,000 tons. A sizable chunk of rock to put on top of a 228 foot building which looks like a silo. “Historians conjecture that the building was buried in sand, providing a ramp several miles long, up which the roof block was dragged. That is a possibility, of course, and the only method conceivable by any mechanical principle known to present-day engineers. But, there might be another possibility. The structure might have been raised under the huge stone, pushing it up a tier at a time, with jacks of some sort. In some ways this looks simpler than building a ramp with hundreds of thousands of tons of sand to bring up and cart away.”
In yet another letter, Jessup shared his then-latest thoughts with Valentine: “I do not think modern engineers could post it on top of such a building without unlimited labor funds to build the ramp. Even then I do not see how they could possibly get sufficient purchase on this thing to move it at all, or attach sufficient harness to apply the necessary force. This incredible stone is larger than those at Baalbek. Levitating it into place seems as credible to me as any known mechanism including a sand ramp. “Maybe this would require that it be more than 700 years old, since levitation would almost certainly have been recorded if employed as recently as 700 years ago. If you were trying to move this thing up a ramp, no matter how gradual, how could you anchor your tackle in the loose sand to get a pull? How would you place enough men around it to push or pull; and how would they secure a toe-hold? Levitation is the lesser quandary.”
Jessup was still not done, however. The man was on a definitive roll. As Jessup’s further letters to Valentine demonstrated, the issue of levitation continued to fascinate Jessup – some might justifiably say to an obsessive degree – and he continued to pursue this particular theory for the moving of massive stones. But, there was scant talk about creatures from other planets. In fact, to put it blunt, there was no such talk. Yes, Jessup was heavily into the UFO phenomenon, but he was not persuaded that those who were flying UFOs in the 1950s were the very same beings that were responsible for those giant, stone structures at Baalbek and Egypt. And elsewhere.
Several months later, Jessup expanded further to Valentine, who was also quite open to the human angle of the levitation mystery. As a result of his various expeditions and treks, Jessup was seeing evidence of Antigravity technology just about everywhere – and he just might have been correct in his ongoing letters to Valentine. Another letter from Jessup, to his good friend, went as follows: “All of the centers of civilization and cultural renaissance recognized by present-day anthropologists – India, Peru, Yucatan, Egypt, Babylonia, Greece, China, Rome, England and others – are but the reviving remnants of an empire and civilization which colonized the world a hundred thousand years ago.” That was a sensational statement to make, but it wasn’t over: “They are all parts, or nuclei, in one great renaissance which has been taking place for, roughly, six to ten thousand years. In it are some traces of the archaic, original master culture, and perhaps through India, Tibet, Egypt and Middle America, there are some tenuous links between our immature revival and the parent past. These traces are mostly in the form of stone works, and some glyphs, of a singular nature, with a very few written records existing mostly in the Orient, and particularly in southern Asia.”
At this point, also in early 1953, one can see that Jessup went on something of a rant; albeit a rant that made his point carefully and to the point: “All of this is anathema to conventional science, archaeology and anthropology especially, for organized science has set up a pattern which covers human growth in broad general terms and has accepted some rigidly restricting tenets which limit original thinking and shut out the obvious. While these general assumptions of science are largely proven by observation and deduction, they are only proven to a point. Beyond that point there are the ‘erratics’: little annoying things, events, or artifacts, which stubbornly refuse to fit into the pattern, and which are sturdily disregarded in the interest of maintaining a working hypothesis acceptable to science in its current state of thinking.”
It was after this particular letter reached Valentine that Jessup went global with his theories, so to speak. He said to Valentine, on May 3, 1954: “In many areas we find evidence of stone blocks of unbelievable weight being quarried, more or less casually moved considerable distances, then lifted into place. This common factor connects pre-Inca Peru with Easter Island in a startling and undeniable way, and seems to tie in the Middle East, the Orient, Africa, and maybe Polynesia. “Many investigators and thinkers have proposed methods for moving these quarried and dressed blocks. All of the proposals are based on application of such simple present-day engineering equipment as block-and-tackle or sand ramps. The great pyramids, consisting of hundreds of thousands of slaves toiling up long ramps of sand to bring these gigantic masses from the Nile. Flotation has been considered. No suggestions have been made which really fit all cases, and some of the submissions are so cumbersome and inadequate as to seem ridiculous.”
At one point, also in 1954, Jessup alluded to an alien connection, but it was something that he hardly championed. Really, it wasn’t much more than your average aside: “I have used the word ‘levitation’ as a substitute for power or force. I have suggested that flying saucers used some means of reacting with the gravitational field. In this way they could apply accelerations or lifting forces to all particles of a body, inside and outside, simultaneously, and not through external force applied by pressure, or harness, to the surface only. I believe that this same, or a similar force was used to move stones in very ancient times. I believe the source of this lifting or levitating power was lost suddenly.” As those words directly above make it very clear, Jessup was extremely careful as to how he structured his statement. And how he presented his thoughts.
What might have caused that sudden loss of anti-gravity technology that Jessup referred to in the statement above? Jessup, certainly, offered no answer to that question. He didn’t even provide a theory. In fact, Jessup’s words imply – to me, at least – that while aliens may very well have been involved in the construction of some of our huge, old structures, it was ancient humans who had somehow acquired incredible stone-raising technology. And, who mastered the science behind levitation, and who were responsible for the incredible movement of huge stones around the world, and millennia ago? Aside from just a sentence or two, levitation and aliens – together - barely crossed paths in the strange world of Morris Jessup. For the man, himself, the human equation was always the most important one. It was these many, detailed letters - between Jessup and Valentine in 1953 - that the former saved from destruction and eventually chose to place their content into 1955’s The Case for the UFO. Had Jessup decided to destroy all of that priceless correspondence back in 1953, matters would, possibly, be very different. All of the quotations here were made between Jessup and Valentine. For years, many of the letters mentioned here were held by a ufologist, Robert Davies, of Texas. Davies had them until a few years ago, when he was finally no more. Jessup went on to use all the Valentine letters in his (Jessup's) book, The Case for the UFO and The Expanding Case for the UFO. An absolutely amazing case of ancient times, anti-gravity, and mystery.