Over the past two thousand years, Christian theologians have been debating and speculating what the “Second Coming of Christ” described in the Gospels and the Book of Revelation truly signifies, and when it may occur. There have been no dearth of predictions regarding the date of the Second Coming, all of which, unfortunately, have missed the mark. Interestingly, the early Christians expected Jesus to return within a generation of his death, because there is a verse in the Gospel of Matthew in which Jesus tells his disciples:
Truly I tell you, this generation [Greek: genea] will certainly not pass away until all these things have happened. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.?(Matthew 24:34–35)
The term “generation” is a translation of the Greek term “genea”, which, according to the Danish linguist, Iver Larsen, had a wider meaning than it has today, and the correct translation of genea in the context of the Second Coming is “kind of people”.
So, Jesus was essentially referring to the “kind of people” who live in the current age of lies and deceit, discord and strife, known in the esoteric doctrines as the Iron Age or Kali Yuga. In other words, the Second Coming of Christ refers to a series of momentous events that could occur after the end of the Kali Yuga. This dovetails with the prophecies of many ancient cultures in which a Savior or Avatar will return at the close of this World Age to kill the unrighteous people, cleanse and heal the world, and establish a society based on elevated moral and spiritual principles.
In my book Yuga Shift, I have proposed that the Kali Yuga ends in the year 2025, which will initiate a period of global turmoil and upheavals, and by the year 2040 the Kali Yuga structures and ideologies may be entirely obliterated. The years from 2025 to 2040 are the end-times described in the sacred texts of many cultures, when the prophecies will get fulfilled and our worldview will be dramatically altered. I have explored a number of eschatological doctrines, including the Second Coming of Christ, which describes the return of Christ from the heavens to judge the unrighteous, reward the faithful and set up his Kingdom on earth for a thousand years.
As per the Gospels, a period of great distress will precede the second coming of Christ, when humanity will be at war, the minds of men will be consumed by deceit and hatred, and environmental calamities such as famines and earthquakes will bring untold suffering. The Gospel of Matthew tells us that when Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives, and his disciples asked him, “what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?”, Jesus replied:
Watch out that no one deceives you. For many will come in my name, claiming, ‘I am the Messiah,’ and will deceive many. You will hear of wars and rumors of wars, but see to it that you are not alarmed. Such things must happen, but the end is still to come. Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be famines and earthquakes in various places. All these are the beginning of birth pains. (Matthew 24.4-8)
At that time many will turn away from the faith and will betray and hate each other, and many false prophets will appear and deceive many people. Because of the increase of wickedness, the love of most will grow cold, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. (Matthew 24.10-13)
For then there will be great tribulation, unequaled from the beginning of the world until now—and never to be equaled again. (Matthew 24.21)
Looking at the state of our world today, with the burgeoning wars and hatred everywhere, acute food shortages in many places, and with quite a few earthquakes occurring in the past one year, it almost seems like we are living in the times of the fulfillment of these prophecies. Once we cross the 2025 threshold, however, things are likely to slide further downhill.
As per the Gospel of Matthew, the Second Coming of Christ will be clearly visible to everyone, and there will be no need to believe rumors, or to consult scientists, astrologers or priests, “for as lightning that comes from the east is visible even in the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.” (Matthew 24.27). This tells us that the appearance of Christ during the end-times will occur in a rather dramatic fashion, and one should trust one’s own judgment regarding this. However, certain celestial events will precede the arrival of Christ, which will make people realize that the end-times are drawing near.
Immediately after the distress (tribulation) of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from the sky, and the heavenly bodies will be shaken. Then will appear the sign of the Son of Man in heaven. And then all the peoples of the earth will mourn when they see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven, with power and great glory. And he will send his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other. (Matthew 24.29-31)
As the weeds are pulled up and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of the age. The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil. They will throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Whoever has ears, let them hear. (Matthew 13.40-43)
The celestial events described in these verses could be precipitated by the passage of the earth through a dense swarm of comets and meteors. The “darkening of the sun and the moon” can be caused by voluminous quantities of meteor dust, while the “stars falling from the sky” are quite likely to be references to “shooting stars” or meteors, blazing a trail through the night sky. The imagery of the “Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven, with power and great glory”, could be a metaphor for a large, brilliant comet appearing in the skies during the end-times.
As to when this cometary apocalypse will come to pass, however, cannot be deduced from the descriptions in the Gospels. The early Christians used to believe that Jesus will return during their lifetime, but most Christian theologians have, since then, have advocated that the visible appearance of Christ may happen at any moment and that Christians should be ever ready for it. These beliefs were inspired by the Gospels for, as the Gospel of Matthew states:
“But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark; and they knew nothing about what would happen until the flood came and took them all away. That is how it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. Two men will be in the field; one will be taken and the other left. Two women will be grinding with a hand mill; one will be taken and the other left. (Matthew 24.36 - 41)
It is rather interesting how the Gospel accounts stress that the “angels” of God will save the righteous people before the tribulations of the end-times. This dovetails with the Hopi beliefs about the four previous Worlds, each of which ended with a cataclysm. The Hopi tell us that during the dissolution of the first two Worlds, some of the righteous people were guided to the subterranean homes of the “Ant People”, where they lived in comfort while the world above was destroyed and reconfigured by their god, Sotuknang. After the planet had been renewed, the Hopi were taken outside and given the necessary instructions of living in the new World.
The “Ant People” of the Hopi are similar to the race of dwarfs mentioned in the legends of many ancient cultures, where they are called gnomes, goblins, leprechauns, yakshas etc. In these accounts, the dwarfs were said to live in lavish comfort in subterranean caverns, which were lit up with precious jewels. They were said to be extremely proficient in mining and smithing and made various kinds of magical artifacts. In Celtic legends, the underground home of the dwarfs could be reached through hidden passages in hills and under water. In general, the dwarfs were said to exhibit a friendly and generous attitude towards humans, whom they sometimes conduct to their underground kingdom of riches.
The dwarfs of the ancient traditions belong to an ensemble of magical beings who were collectively called the fairies or “faerie folk”. They were regarded as semi-divine beings, who possessed various supernatural abilities, including the powers of flying, invisibility, shape-shifting and clairvoyance. The faerie folk were depicted as human-like beings of extraordinary beauty, with wings and brilliant halos, similar to the manner in which the angels were depicted in Christian art. It appears from such accounts that survival during periods of transition between the World Ages is not a matter of luck and chance. Rather, it is a righteous few who are selected for survival by various inter-dimensional beings, and guided to safe locations.
Even though the Gospels cannot give us a proper timeframe as to when the end-time tribulations might come to pass, some tantalizing clues can be found in the Book of Revelation composed by John of Patmos, who, many scholars believe, could be the Apostle John. As per the Revelation, a number of catastrophic events are due to occur before the final return of Christ from the heavens. Without going into too many details, I will focus on a specific part of the prophetic vision of John which describes what happened when the “Lamb of God” took a scroll from the hand of God and opened the seven seals.
The opening of the first four seals released the “Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse”, who created the conditions for the onset of a global war, accompanied by much hatred and bloodshed, as well as a famine that led to the death of many people. (Rev 6.2-8). This dovetails with the Gospels, which tell us that wars, famines and earthquakes will occur prior to the Second Coming.
When the seventh seal was opened, the Seven Angels who stand before God blew the seven trumpets. This triggered a number of catastrophic events, all of which appear to be related to meteor and comet impacts.
“The first angel sounded: And hail and fire followed, mingled with blood, and they were thrown to the earth. And a third of the trees were burned up, and all green grass was burned up.” (Rev 8:7) This verse seems to describe a particularly intense meteor shower.
“Then the second angel sounded: And something like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea, and a third of the sea became blood. And a third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed.” (Rev 8:8-9) These verses probably describe an oceanic asteroid impact.
“Then the third angel sounded: And a great star fell from heaven, burning like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water. The name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters became wormwood, and many men died from the water, because it was made bitter.” (Rev 8:10-11) This section describes a comet impact, since comets were described as long-tailed stars, and they release harmful gases including cyanide.
“Then the fourth angel sounded: And a third of the sun was struck, a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of them were darkened. A third of the day did not shine, and likewise the night.” (Rev 8:12-13) It is quite likely that the darkening of the sun, moon, and the stars was due to a dusting of the upper atmosphere by a meteor stream.
“Then the fifth angel sounded: And I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless pit. And he opened the bottomless pit, and smoke arose out of the pit like the smoke of a great furnace. So the sun and the air were darkened because of the smoke of the pit. Then out of the smoke locusts came upon the earth.” (Rev 9:1-3) These verses describe a volcanic eruption triggered by a comet impact. It is very common for volcanic explosions to occur after cometary bombardments.
“Then the sixth angel sounded: And I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God, saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.” So the four angels, who had been prepared for the hour and day and month and year, were released to kill a third of mankind. Now the number of the army of the horsemen was two hundred million; I heard the number of them. And thus I saw the horses in the vision: those who sat on them had breastplates of fiery red, hyacinth blue, and sulfur yellow; and the heads of the horses were like the heads of lions; and out of their mouths came fire, smoke, and brimstone. By these three plagues a third of mankind was killed—by the fire and the smoke and the brimstone which came out of their mouths. For their power is in their mouth and in their tails; for their tails are like serpents, having heads; and with them they do harm.” (Rev 9:-13-19) This section describes a swarm of comets, striking the earth with fiery projectiles, and setting everything on fire with their ion tails.
“Then the seventh angel sounded: And there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign forever and ever!”...Then the temple of God was opened in heaven, and the ark of His covenant was seen in His temple. And there were lightnings, noises, thunderings, an earthquake, and great hail.” (Rev 11.15-19) These verses are describing the unveiling of the “heaven of the gods” which was known as Shambhala or Amaravati in the Hindu-Buddhist texts. This is the true meaning of apocalypse or unveiling, which will dispel the confusion and ignorance of the Kali Yuga and make us aware of a greater reality and of our role in the universal scheme of things.
There can be hardly any doubt that the catastrophic events described in the Revelation, following the opening of the seven seals, can only be precipitated by meteor dust, meteor showers, and devastating asteroid and comet impacts. In other words, our planet is due to experience a massive collision with a dense swarm of comets and asteroids sometime in the near future, which will pull down the curtains on our decadent and decaying civilization of the Kali Yuga. The question is, where is this comet swarm located, and when might this head-on collision occur? Have our astronomers found out anything? The answer is yes, and we shall get to it very soon.
As per the Revelation, Christ will arrive from the skies after these cataclysmic impact events have shaken humanity out of their stupor. The symbolisms associated with Christ are replete with cometary allusions. When John had seen the Son of Man in his vision for the first time, (before any of these catastrophic events had occurred), he said that,
“In his right hand he held seven stars, and coming out of his mouth was a sharp, double-edged sword. His face was like the sun shining in all its brilliance.” (Rev 1.16)
When he saw Christ again in his vision after the opening of the Seven Seals, he was riding a white horse, a sharp sword emerged from his mouth, and he was accompanied by an army of horse-riding angels, in a manner reminiscent of the Savior figures of other cultures viz. Kalki, Rudra Chakrin and Saoshyant.
“Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself. He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses. Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: King of Kings and Lord or Lords. (Rev 19: 11-16)
The imagery of Christ riding a horse, with a sword coming out of his mouth, and followed by an army of horse-riding angels is unmistakably that of a giant, two-tailed, “horse comet” followed by a swarm of smaller comets! Surprised? Let me explain.
What could be the horse that Christ rides through the heavens, following the catastrophic events precipitated by a swarm of comets, meteors and asteroids? It can be nothing other than a “horse comet”. The Roman philosopher Pliny had mentioned a class of comets called “hippeus” or “horse comets”, having plumes much like horses’ mane in rapid motion. Hephaistion of Thebes tells us that the hippeus comet foretold the quick fall of kings and tyrants. The earliest known depiction of a “horse comet” is found on the bronze coins issued by Mithridates VI of Pontus, which show the unusually bright comet that appeared sometime around c.135 BCE, coinciding with the year of birth of Mithridates. The coins depict a ten-pointed star with a long tail that resembles a horse’s mane.
And what about the sharp sword that comes out of the mouth of Christ? What might that represent? Once again, comets! That’s right. Many ancient writers described comets as “swords”, threatening nations with punishment. Tertullian (c.240 CE), the early Christian theologian, described comets as “God’s scythe using which he shears down the multitude of sinful creatures.” The 1st century CE historian, Josephus, was referring to a comet when he described a star, resembling a sword, which stood over the city of Jerusalem for an entire year, in 66 CE. The Gond tribals, who live in the forests of Central India, believe that comets are, “the sword like weapon of the gods… the gods are protecting humans by cleaning up the mess created by bad events either by killing evil (when it is a sword) or by sweeping away the evil (when it is a broom).”
I believe it is the long, straight, bluish, ion-tail of a comet, which has been described as a “sword” in the traditional beliefs of different cultures. Not only does the ion-tail actually resemble a sword, it is also filled with electrically charged particles, which can set the forests and grasslands ablaze if it sweeps over the surface of the earth.
Evidently, the imagery of Christ in the Revelation and the Gospels bears an uncanny resemblance to a two-tailed “horse comet”, in which the white, curvy, dust tail has been visualized as a horse’s mane in motion, while the straight, bluish, ion tail has been imagined as a sword. The army of angels on horseback, who follow Christ, are a “swarm” of smaller horse comets. In other words, the Second Coming describes the arrival of an effulgent swarm of “horse comets” into the inner solar system resulting in a head-on collision with the earth.
It is no secret that most ancient cultures dreaded comets and referred to them as the “harbingers of doom”. Comets were believed to bring all sorts of miseries in their wake such as wars, revolutions, earthquakes, disasters, famines and pestilences. The deeply ingrained belief that comets were the “portents of impending disaster sent directly from heaven for the warning of mankind”, was carried into early Christianity. In The Popular Science Monthly (1885), Andrew Dickson White, the Late President of Cornell University, wrote about the Christian beliefs about comets:
“The belief that every comet is ball of fire, flung from the right hand of an angry God to warn the groveling dwellers of earth, was received into the early Church…The great Fathers of the Church committed themselves unreservedly to this doctrine. Tertullian declared that ‘comets portend revolutions of kingdoms, pestilence, war, winds, or heat.’ Origen insisted that they indicate “catastrophes and the downfall of empires and worlds.’”
Thus, it would be in keeping with the ancient belief systems if an effulgent swarm of comets were to be responsible for destruction of evil at the end of the Kali Yuga. The giant “horse comet”, which has been represented as Christ in the Revelation is not Christ himself but should be properly understood as a “messenger of Christ”, which has been empowered to carry out the divine will of cleansing the earth of evil and renewing it.
This brings us to the final question: from where does this swarm of comets originate, and when might we expect to encounter it?
The clue to this mystery is also contained in the Revelation. When John saw the Son of Man for the first time in his vision, he said that, “In his right hand he held seven stars….” What could the “seven stars” be, if not the seven prominent stars of the Pleiades asterism?
Now, of all the meteor streams that the earth crosses in course of its annual orbit around the Sun, there is only one meteor stream whose radiant (i.e. the point in the sky from where the meteors appear to originate) is very close to the Pleiades: it is the Taurid meteor stream.
Which means, the cometary apocalypse described in the Christian eschatological texts describe a swarm of comets emanating from the Taurid meteor stream. But does the Taurid meteor stream contain the kind of gigantic, effulgent, civilization-ending comets and comet swarms that have been described in these texts? If yes, why don’t we see them today?
This is where we need to get ourselves acquainted with some very interesting details about the Taurid meteor stream. We know that the earth experiences a number of meteor showers every year in the course of its annual orbit. The meteor showers occur when the earth passes though a meteor stream that intersects its orbits. The meteor streams are “rivers of debris” left behind by a comet with an Earth-crossing orbit, composed mainly of dust and pebbles.
The Taurid meteor stream is the largest stream of cosmic debris in the inner solar system. The earth crosses the Taurid stream twice in course of its orbit around the sun, once in summer and once in late autumn.
The first crossing of the Taurids takes place from June 5 – July 18, with peak activity on June 29. This is a daytime shower called the “Beta Taurids”. The next crossing of the Taurids occurs from Sep 10 – Nov 20, when the earth crosses the “Southern Taurids”, followed by the “Northern Taurids” from Oct 20 – Dec 10. These are two cross sections of the same meteor stream. The Southern Taurids peak on October 10, while the Northern Taurids peak on November 12. It is during a one-week time frame extending from November 5 through November 12 when the Taurids are most active. Since these meteor showers occur in late October and early November they are also called “Halloween fireballs”.
While most meteor streams contain small particles, not larger than a grain of sand or a pebble, the Taurid meteor stream contains some large chunks of rocks. The Beta Taurids, in particular, have been held responsible for generating Earth-impacting meteors in the recent past. Astronomers believe that the Beta Taurids, which have peak activity on June 29, probably caused the Tunguska event of June 30, 1908, when a large meteor exploded over Eastern Siberia with the force of a 1000 Hiroshima nuclear bombs and flattened over 2000 square kilometers of forest. The meteor is believed to have been about 120 feet across and weighed a 100 million kilograms.
British astronomers Victor Clube and Bill Napier had postulated that the progenitor of the Taurid stream was a giant comet, around 50 - 100 km in diameter, which entered the inner solar system at least 20,000 to 30,000 years ago. The comet was tossed into a short-term orbit around the sun, and disintegrated in stages, leaving behind the trail of debris known as the Taurid Complex. The faint Comet Encke, which is the only visible comet that circulates within the Taurid stream today, is probably a recently reactivated fragment of the progenitor comet. Napier found that at least 19 of the largest NEO’s (Near-Earth Objects) have orbits significantly close to that of Comet Encke and are likely to be the remnants of the giant Taurid progenitor.
What is even more interesting, and quite ominous to say the least, is that the giant progenitor comet of the Taurids still remains hidden in the center of the Taurid stream, moving within a “tightly packed swarm” consisting of several minor comets (formed by the fragmentation of the progenitor) and dozens of full-size asteroids up to 1 km wide. This dense cluster of comets and asteroids within the Taurid meteor stream is called the “Taurid Resonant Swarm”.
The Taurid Resonant Swarm is in an orbit similar to Comet Encke’s. It goes round the sun in an Earth-crossing orbit once every 3.39 years. The comets within the Taurid Resonant Swarm are in a dormant state right now, which makes it very difficult to spot them, but they could be reactivated as bright, outgassing comets at any point in the future. Dormant comets are quite common within the solar system. For instance, the centaurs are a class of small bodies which revolve around the sun in slightly elliptical orbits, between the outer planets. Many centaurs – such as Chiron and 29P - occasionally outburst and develop a comet-like coma, which is why they have been classified both as asteroids and comets.
Recently, astronomers Ignacio Ferrin and Vincenzo Orofino examined dozens of previously published papers and identified 88 new asteroids in the Taurid stream. Using the secular light curve technique, which looks for changes in each member’s brightness along its orbit, they found evidence of cometary activity in 67 percent of the 51 new Taurid members they had good data on. The orbital alignment of these 88 bodies with Comet Encke, and the signs of outgassing, indicate that they have cometary origin, most likely from the fragmentation of the Taurid progenitor.
Clube and Napier believe that large chunks of rock from the Taurid Resonant Swarm have struck us many times within the historical timeframe when the earth passed through this dense swarm and will continue to do so with catastrophic consequences in future. In an article in the National Geographic, Australian astronomer Duncan Steel provided a specific estimate of the periodicity of impact events originating from the Taurid swarm:
“Every 2,500 to 3,000 years or so, the core of the Taurid stream passes near Earth and produces much more intense meteor showers for a few centuries, said Steel. A gap of a few centuries separates the era of intensity between Northern Taurids and Southern Taurids.”
This is a stunning piece of statistic for it perfectly explains why civilizations across the world seem to collapse in a heap every 2700 years, followed by a period of cataclysmic earth-changes that extends for roughly 300 years. The Taurid Resonant Swarm clearly seems to be playing a central role in the periodic collapse and re-emergence of civilization on our planet!
Quite alarmingly, the earth is scheduled to pass through the center of the Taurid Resonant Swarm very soon, which could spell doom for our civilization.
Victor Clube and David Asher had published a paper in the Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, in which they said that, as per their computations, the earth will pass directly through the center of the Taurid Resonant Swarm in the years 2032 and 2036. These two head-on collisions with the Taurid Resonant Swarm - which is densely packed with a large number massive dormant comets and full-size asteroid fragments - could set off a chain of global catastrophes that could finally wind up the Kali Yuga.
I suspect that, sometime prior to or during the passage of the earth through the center of the Taurid Resonant Swarm in the years 2032 and 2036, the giant “horse comet”, which has been described in the Revelation as Christ on a horse with a sword coming out of his mouth, and a “swarm" of smaller comets, which has been envisioned in the Revelation as the army of angels on horseback, will be activated as effulgent, outgassing comets, stunning us with their dazzling splendor, and making it obvious to everyone living at that time that the prophecies are being fulfilled.
Needless to say, the energy balance of the solar system is likely to undergo drastic shifts at this time, affecting us deeply at a psychological level. On one hand, it could propel humanity to a new level of consciousness by activating the subtle energy centers within our body known as the chakras, while on the other, it could exacerbate the warlike and violent tendencies in men, causing more conflicts on a global scale. These comets, which our ancestors believed are divinely empowered to carry out the will of the gods, will cleanse, purify and renew the earth, so that an entirely new civilization can be forged by the survivors, which is built on a bedrock of peace and harmony, truth and justice, and a veritable paradise is once again established on earth.
 Vernon J. Harward Jr., The Dwarfs of Arthurian Romance and Celtic Tradition, E. J. Brill, Leiden, 1958, pp. 6-20.
 Pliny, Natural History 2.22.
 M. R. Molnar, “New Numismatic Evidence about the Comets of Mithridates the Great of Pontus (134 and 119 BC)", Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, December 1997, Vol.29, p.1262.
 Flavius Josephus, The Wars of the Jews 6.5.3, https://www.gutenberg.org/files/2850/2850-h/2850-h.htm
 M N Vahia, Ganesh Halkare “Aspects of Gond Astronomy”, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, 2011, p. 17, https://www.tifr.res.in/~archaeo/papers/Prehistoric%20astronomy/Astronomical%20ideas%20of%20the%20Gonds.pdf
 Andrew Dickson White, “New Chapters in the Warfare of Science: The Doctrine of Comets”, The Popular Science Monthly, 1885, p. 723.
 John Roach, “Meteor Shower Promises Seven Shooting Stars an Hour”, National Geographic News, 7 November 2003, https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/11/1107_031107_taurids.html
 D.I. Steel, D.J. Asher, S.V.M Clube, “The Taurid Complex: Giant Comet Origin?” International Astronomical Union Colloquium, 1991, Vol. 126, pp. 327-330, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0252921100067063
 W. M. Napier, “Palaeolithic extinctions and the Taurid Complex”, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol.405, No.3, July 2010, pp. 1901–1906, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16579.x
 James Romero, "Swarm of Near-Earth Comets Linked to Recent Ice Giant Breakup", Discover Magazine, 30 Sep 2021, https://www.discovermagazine.com/the-sciences/swarm-of-near-earth-comets-linked-to-recent-ice-giant-breakup
 John Roach, “Meteor Shower Promises Seven Shooting Stars an Hour”, National Geographic News, 7 November 2003, https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/11/1107_031107_taurids.html
 D.J. Asher, S.V.M. Clube, “An Extraterrestrial Influence during the Current Glacial-Interglacial”, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 1993, Vol.34, No.4, pp. 481-511.